Turkish Journal of Earth SciencesBlending Rudists with Technology; Non-destructive Examination of the Internal and External Structures of Rudists Using High Quality Scanning and Digital Imagery
RICHARD KETCHAM3 & LOUIS ZACHOS3
1 Texas Natural Science Center, The University of Texas at Austin, 2400 Trinity Street
Austin, Texas 78705, USA (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
2 Precision Stratigraphy Associates and University of Tulsa, RR3 Box 103-3, Cleveland Oklahoma 74020, USA
3 Jackson School of Geosciences, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station,
C1160 Austin, TX 78712-0254 Texas, USA
Abstract: Certain formations within the Cretaceous of Texas include zones of silicified rudists. Such diagenetic alteration, combined with the timing of alteration, has preserved many structural features of the rudist suitable for computed tomography (CT scanning). The excellent density differences between those skeletal structures (silica) and the internal sediment (calcitic mud) or later crystallization (calcite), fulfill a fundamental requirement for such analysis. The Jackson School of Geosciences at The University of Texas provides access to a high resolution computed tomography scanning system. This equipment, not identical to medical scanners, provides higher resolution and sophisticated software to analyze the imagery. Several rudist specimens have been scanned, including Caprinuloidea perfecta, from the Lower Cretaceous Edwards Formation (Albian) and Bayeloidea clivi from the Albian (formerly considered Turonian) of Mexico. Other rudist specimens are preserved in a different manner. For example, structures may be replaced with single crystal calcite with external skeletal intricacies especially well preserved. Elsewhere the record is one of internal molds or casts, with a reduction of available detail. Cost, diagenesis, and size determine the mode of specimen imagery used in an NSF sponsored project to image and conserve the type and figured specimens in the collection of the Texas Natural Science Center, Non-vertebrate Paleontology. This paper describes how such imagery can be used to further many aspects of rudist research. CT scanning produces serial sections of minute thickness without destroying a valuable specimen, in contrast to preparing physical serial sections, a more traditional method of analytical study. High resolution digital imagery (35 mm) provides images of great clarity which can be analyzed further and can be used as a surrogate for physical peels of rare or fragile specimens. Both these methods of imagery can be made available on-line and can be studied by scientists throughout the world.
Turkish J. Earth Sci., 19, (2010), 757-767.
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Other articles published in the same issue: Turkish J. Earth Sci.,vol.19,iss.6.