Veterinary and Animal Sciences
Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal SciencesClostridium perfringens Type D Enterotoxaemia in the Chinkara Deer (Gazella bennettii)
1Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad - PAKISTAN
2Department of Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad - PAKISTAN
3Department of Animal Reproduction, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad - PAKISTAN
Abstract: During an enterotoxaemia outbreak, 9 out of 11 (82%) Chinkara deer (Gazella bennettii) died; 5 animals died of peracute disease, whereas acute death was observed in 4 animals. The case fatality rate was 100%. Clinical signs, including high temperature, depression, anorexia, abdominal pain, greenish watery diarrhoea, and respiratory distress, were recorded in the affected deer. Post-mortem examinations of the affected animals revealed muscular and serosal haemorrhages, hydroperitoneum, hydrothorax, and hydropericardium. Severe haemorrhages were also observed in the small intestine, colon, and kidneys. Histopathologically, haemorrhagic enterocolitis, pulmonary oedema, accumulation of proteinaceous fluid in alveoli, perivascular oedema, and interstitial and intertubular haemorrhages were seen in the kidneys. Anaerobic incubation, mouse inoculation, and mouse seroneutralisation with intestinal contents collected from the affected deer confirmed the Chinkara deer were infected with Clostridium perfringens type D.
Key Words: Chinkara deer, enterotoxaemia, Clostridium perfringens type D, clinical picture, pathological lesions
Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 2008; 32: 225-228.
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Other articles published in the same issue: Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci.,vol.32,iss.3.