Turkish Journal of PhysicsUrbach-Martienssen's tail in layered ternary semiconductor TlGaS2
Y. Kemal YOĞURTÇU
Atatürk University, Art & Science Faculty,
Department of Physics,
Abstract: Dependence of the absorption coefficient on the photon energy and temperature near the fundamental absorption edge was measured for layered single crystal TlGaS2. The exponentially increasing absorption tail was explained as an Urbach-Martienssen's (U-M's) tail for TlGaS2 samples in the 10-340 K temperature range. The characteristic Urbach's parameters such as steepness parameter [s (T)] and Urbach's energy [(Eu = kB T / s )] were determined. Analyzing the temperature dependence of these parameters based on the general models, which takes into account the possible role of several different types of disorder, we conclude that the absorption process in the fundamental absorption edge for TlGaS2 is the result of the superposition of at least two different mechanisms; one is related to the phonon induced microfields and the other results from structural and thermal disorders.
Key Words: Optical characterization; Urbach rule; layered semiconductors; TlGaS2.
Turk. J. Phys., 25, (2001), 543-550.
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Other articles published in the same issue: Turk. J. Phys.,vol.25,iss.6.